Effects to Date
Is it Our Fault?
Some effects of Climate Change to date
The joint warmest years
globally since world records began in 1856 were 1998 (strong El
Nino), 2005, 2010, 2014, 2015.
The Arctic ice sheet is contracting
at approx 8% per decade.
Shrinking glaciers, thawing permafrost
this is considered one of the greatest risks for future uncontrollable
warming - there is a huge amount of methane released as permafrost
Tropical diseases: additional deaths
due to the migration of disease caused by warming could already be 5
million, according to the World Health Organisation. Also animal
diseases – e.g. the “blue tongue” virus, formerly only found in
Africa, has killed large nos. of sheep in Europe.
Drought in Africa and the Middle East. The Syrian
conflict may be partly due to severe drought which forced many people
into the overcrowded towns.
Desertification of Northern China (although also
due to tree removal).
Displacement of Inuits due to melting
Increased severity and frequency of
weather extremes: in 2010, 17 countries experienced record
temperatures. Extreme flooding in many countries.
Dying coral reefs and planckton due to
increasing acidification of the oceans as they absorb more carbon
dioxide from the air.
lengthening of growing seasons in the most northern and southern
countries, animal and plant species moving towards the poles or to
higher ground, decline of animal and plant populations, earlier
tree flowering, insect emergence and egg-laying in birds.